Friday, April 26, 2013

Nehemiah 7


[1] Now it came to pass, when the wall was built, and I had set up the doors, and the porters and the singers and the Levites were appointed,
·         Having secured the city Nehemiah is now going to re-order it. It does no good to put everything back in order and then secure the gates, and then turn the management of the city over to Tobiah and his gang.
·         Those who were faithful to God should get the charge. That meant the Levites and those who served God. Normally they would be watching the doors and gates of the temple (see for example 1 Chron 9:17-19).

[2] That I gave my brother Hanani, and Hananiah the ruler of the palace, charge over Jerusalem: for he was a faithful man, and feared God above many.
·         The primary qualification for Nehemiah was that the man be trustworthy and God fearing. These two men would see to it that God was properly honored from their leadership role

[3] And I said unto them, Let not the gates of Jerusalem be opened until the sun be hot; and while they stand by, let them shut the doors, and bar them: and appoint watches of the inhabitants of Jerusalem, every one in his watch, and every one to be over against his house.
·         Normally the gates were opened when the sun came up and closed when the sun came down, but Sandballat was still out there with an army, even if he was demoralized, and would desire to come in and kill them while some people slept. The new plan was to keep the gates closed

[4] Now the city was large and great: but the people were few therein, and the houses were not builded.
·         Jerusalem didn’t have the same busy, inhabited feel it once did. Except for the houses that were being lived in, the rest were still ruins.
·         This is an explination for what comes next: Nehemiah starts to work with his people to make Jerusalem prosperous again. The wall was only the first step, the foundation for building everything else up, they existed so the city could prosper.

[5] And my God put into mine heart to gather together the nobles, and the rulers, and the people, that they might be reckoned by genealogy. And I found a register of the genealogy of them which came up at the first, and found written therein,
·         If the people who love Tobiah go on in control then there won’t be a nation. A nation must be built on justice and truth, not on lies and scamming.
·         The proper basis for the people was just the same as his gatekeepers: faithfulness to God. Therefore in the interest of purity Nehemiah finds the record from Jerubabbel’s day.
·         If the people are going to live by the law, then they must live by their heritage. The Levites must do the work of the Levites. The priests of the priest, the Israelites must do the work that falls to them.
·         Previously this list was to record those who were faithful, now it enables them to return to God.
·         Why re-invent the wheel? A list was needed, and this would help set things right quicker.

[6] These are the children of the province, that went up out of the captivity, of those that had been carried away, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away, and came again to Jerusalem and to Judah, every one unto his city;
·         This list is very similar to the one given in Ezra 2, the difference is 652 here while 775 there. That’s the list of people who signed up or set out and didn’t make it the full way, or turned back. This is the complete list of the faithful.

[7] Who came with Zerubbabel, Jeshua, Nehemiah, Azariah, Raamiah, Nahamani, Mordecai, Bilshan, Mispereth, Bigvai, Nehum, Baanah. The number, I say, of the men of the people of Israel was this;
[8] The children of Parosh, two thousand an hundred seventy and two.
[9] The children of Shephatiah, three hundred seventy and two.
[10] The children of Arah, six hundred fifty and two.
[11] The children of Pahath-moab, of the children of Jeshua and Joab, two thousand and eight hundred and eighteen.
[12] The children of Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
[13] The children of Zattu, eight hundred forty and five.
[14] The children of Zaccai, seven hundred and threescore.
[15] The children of Binnui, six hundred forty and eight.
[16] The children of Bebai, six hundred twenty and eight.
[17] The children of Azgad, two thousand three hundred twenty and two.
[18] The children of Adonikam, six hundred threescore and seven.
[19] The children of Bigvai, two thousand threescore and seven.
[20] The children of Adin, six hundred fifty and five.
[21] The children of Ater of Hezekiah, ninety and eight.
[22] The children of Hashum, three hundred twenty and eight.
[23] The children of Bezai, three hundred twenty and four.
[24] The children of Hariph, an hundred and twelve.
[25] The children of Gibeon, ninety and five.
·         Now the men who settled by locations:

[26] The men of Bethlehem and Netophah, an hundred fourscore and eight.
[27] The men of Anathoth, an hundred twenty and eight.
[28] The men of Beth-azmaveth, forty and two.
[29] The men of Kirjath-jearim, Chephirah, and Beeroth, seven hundred forty and three.
[30] The men of Ramah and Geba, six hundred twenty and one.
[31] The men of Michmas, an hundred and twenty and two.
[32] The men of Bethel and Ai, an hundred twenty and three.
[33] The men of the other Nebo, fifty and two.
[34] The children of the other Elam, a thousand two hundred fifty and four.
[35] The children of Harim, three hundred and twenty.
[36] The children of Jericho, three hundred forty and five.
[37] The children of Lod, Hadid, and Ono, seven hundred twenty and one.
[38] The children of Senaah, three thousand nine hundred and thirty.
·         Now the priests:

[39] The priests: the children of Jedaiah, of the house of Jeshua, nine hundred seventy and three.
[40] The children of Immer, a thousand fifty and two.
[41] The children of Pashur, a thousand two hundred forty and seven.
[42] The children of Harim, a thousand and seventeen.
·         Only four divisions set up by David came back.
·         Now for the Levites (a very small number)

[43] The Levites: the children of Jeshua, of Kadmiel, and of the children of Hodevah, seventy and four.
·         Now for the servants of the temple

[44] The singers: the children of Asaph, an hundred forty and eight.
[45] The porters: the children of Shallum, the children of Ater, the children of Talmon, the children of Akkub, the children of Hatita, the children of Shobai, an hundred thirty and eight.
[46] The Nethinims: the children of Ziha, the children of Hashupha, the children of Tabbaoth,
[47] The children of Keros, the children of Sia, the children of Padon,
[48] The children of Lebana, the children of Hagaba, the children of Shalmai,
[49] The children of Hanan, the children of Giddel, the children of Gahar,
[50] The children of Reaiah, the children of Rezin, the children of Nekoda,
[51] The children of Gazzam, the children of Uzza, the children of Phaseah,
[52] The children of Besai, the children of Meunim, the children of Nephishesim,
[53] The children of Bakbuk, the children of Hakupha, the children of Harhur,
[54] The children of Bazlith, the children of Mehida, the children of Harsha,
[55] The children of Barkos, the children of Sisera, the children of Tamah,
[56] The children of Neziah, the children of Hatipha.
[57] The children of Solomon's servants: the children of Sotai, the children of Sophereth, the children of Perida,
[58] The children of Jaala, the children of Darkon, the children of Giddel,
[59] The children of Shephatiah, the children of Hattil, the children of Pochereth of Zebaim, the children of Amon.
[60] All the Nethinims, and the children of Solomon's servants, were three hundred ninety and two.
·         Now for the line of people that could not be substantiated
[61] And these were they which went up also from Telmelah, Telharesha, Cherub, Addon, and Immer: but they could not shew their father's house, nor their seed, whether they were of Israel.
[62] The children of Delaiah, the children of Tobiah, the children of Nekoda, six hundred forty and two.
·         Now for the three priestly families that could not be validated

[63] And of the priests: the children of Habaiah, the children of Koz, the children of Barzillai, which took one of the daughters of Barzillai the Gileadite to wife, and was called after their name.
[64] These sought their register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but it was not found: therefore were they, as polluted, put from the priesthood.
[65] And the Tirshatha said unto them, that they should not eat of the most holy things, till there stood up a priest with Urim and Thummim.
[66] The whole congregation together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,
·         About 50,000 people go back. The number of people in the land was higher by this time.

[67] Beside their manservants and their maidservants, of whom there were seven thousand three hundred thirty and seven: and they had two hundred forty and five singing men and singing women.
·         A record of the things they brought with them.

[68] Their horses, seven hundred thirty and six: their mules, two hundred forty and five:
[69] Their camels, four hundred thirty and five: six thousand seven hundred and twenty asses.
[70] And some of the chief of the fathers gave unto the work. The Tirshatha gave to the treasure a thousand drams of gold, fifty basons, five hundred and thirty priests' garments.
[71] And some of the chief of the fathers gave to the treasure of the work twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand and two hundred pound of silver.
[72] And that which the rest of the people gave was twenty thousand drams of gold, and two thousand pound of silver, and threescore and seven priests' garments.
[73] So the priests, and the Levites, and the porters, and the singers, and some of the people, and the Nethinims, and all Israel, dwelt in their cities; and when the seventh month came, the children of Israel were in their cities.
·         Approximately 2% of the people returned to the land, but they were the key people, God called out those who He wanted to use.
·         Remember these are the heads of the families
·         Their gifts to God are recorded as well demonstrating their faithfulness to Him.

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