Sunday, November 3, 2013

AWANA Trek 1.4 - The Torah

LESSON 4 – The Torah


Opening With Some Facts

  • The first five books center around the idea of the covenant at Sinai being an extension of the Covenant with Abraham.
  • God uses the word hesed to indicate His covenant love. Some bibles translate it as faithful love, or steadfast love.
  • Moses wrote these books.
  • The Sadducees only accepted these as truthful, but didn’t really believe it deep down.
  • The Samaritans only accepted these as truthful, because these don’t mention the idea of Jerusalem.
  • For this lesson I put the breaks on the board and had the kids guess what they were about. For example I had Gen 1-3 and they would guess 'fall.'


  • Creation (1-2) [Jesus is the new and better Adam, Romans 5, 1 Cor 15]
  • Fall (3-6) [Jesus is the new and better Adam, survives temptation in the wilderness, not a garden]
  • Covenant with Noah & the Flood (7-9) [Baptism now saves you, by the death, burial, resurrection of Jesus]
  •  Family line to Abraham (10-11)
  • Covenant with Abraham (12-23)
    melchadezek 14
  • Covenant with Isaac (24-26)
  • Covenant with Jacob (27-36)
  • Joseph (37)
  • Covenant through Judah and Tamar (38)
  • Joseph (39-50)


  • Moses (1-6) [The new and better intercessor]
  • Plagues (7-11) [Jesus took the wrath that was due us.]
  • Passover (12-13)
  • Salvation from destruction (14-17)
    Armies 14, 17 [17:11, As long as Moses raised his hands they won. Jesus died with His hands up.]
    Water 15, 17
    Manna 16
  • At Sinai (18-19) [These things may be understood allegorically. Galatians 3]
  • The Covenant given (the law) (20-24)
  • Tabernacle and priests under the covenant (25-31)
  • Covenant broken (32) [Men cannot keep the covenant even for 5 minutes. A savior is needed.]
  • Covenant re-established (33-34)
  • Tabernacle and priests reestablished (35-40) [Jesus is the door, the way, the light]


  • Laws for offerings (1-7) [Nadab and Abihu: God will not just accept anyone, they must be pure]
  • The Priesthood begins (8-10)
  • Regarding ceremonial cleanliness (11-15)
  • Day of Atonement (16) [There is coming a day, a real day of atonement]
  • Regulations against sin (17-20)
  • Requirements for priests, sacrifices, and blessings (21-27)


  • Camp of the people (1-2)
  • Duties of the Priests (3-10)
  • Rebellion punished (11-16)
  • Faithful priests alone blessed (17-20)
  • Defeat of enemies, the bronze snake (21)
  • Balaam (23-26) [the enemies of the kingdom are introduced. Later: Pharisees]
  • Leadership after Moses (27) [Joshua is the English for Jesus]
  • Covenant signs (28-30)
  • Preparing for the promised land (29-34)
  • Cities of Refuge (35)
  • Inheritance must come from among the people (36)


  • Reminder of sin (1-2)
  • Obedience rewarded (3-4)
  • Ten commandments (5)
  • Exhortation to obedience (6-11)
  • The Laws (repose) (12-26)
  • Curses at Ebal and Blessings at Gerizim (27) [There are no blessings. That comes in Matt 5]
  • Results of obedience (28-31)
  • Last words of Moses (32-34)

Kingdom reminder

  •  The story of the Bible is how God prepared the way for, and revealed Christ.
  • Genesis is a historical prologue.
  • Exodus is the meat of it.
  • Leviticus was the covenant itself that was given.
  • Numbers is the people responding to it.
  • Deuteronomy is the re-issuance after the failure.

Remember the Bible is about types and shadows. This is even denoted sometimes by a formulaic expression in the new testament by the phrase as and so.
o   "AS in Adam all die, even SO in Christ shall all be made alive." 1 Cor. 15:22.
o   "AS the days of Noah were, SO shall also the corning of the Son of Man be." Matt. 24:37.
o   "AS Moses lifted up the serpent in the Wilderness, even SO must the Son of Man be lifted up." John 3:14.

(This lesson ran a little long too, about 5 minutes or so. After this I had it calibrated in to be a little shorter. There is a lot of data here, and I tried really hard to verbally give them the big picture.)


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