Friday, June 8, 2012

Zechariah Chapter 1


[1] In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
·         This would be about October 520 BC, right about when the temple had resumed building
·         This is the first prophetic word to them

[2] The LORD hath been sore displeased with your fathers.
[3] Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts.
·         God titles Himself as the Lord of Hosts, the commander of the heavenly armies

[4] Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.
·         The command was specifically in Ezekiel 33:11 – a very recent memory for them.  This was not their fathers from the olden days; this was literally their very fathers.
·         Ezekiel 18:23 is another plea from God.

[5] Your fathers, where are they? and the prophets, do they live forever?
[6] But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned and said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.
·         This will look familiar to the students of the New Testament from Matthew 23:37 where Jesus pleads with sinners to repent.
·         These verses are very sweet to hear because while we know God is sovereign over salvation, not willing to save everyone via regeneration, it’s true He is not happy about their lostness.

[7] Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
·         3 Months later the second prophetic word comes to them. There will now be 8 visions given to Zechariah

[8] I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in the bottom; and behind him were there red horses, speckled, and white.
[9] Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these be.
[10] And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These are they whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.
[11] And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.
·         God has these four horsemen go throughout the earth
·         In a very few years, perhaps months, there will be rebellion in Egypt, war in Greece, and unrest in all the Empire

[12] Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?
·         The angel asks what was on his mind: what of Jerusalem? In these 70 years you have left the land desolate, but what will you do now?
·         Angel of the lord is probably Christ in His pre-incarnate form. Gen 16:11, 18:1, 22:11, Ex 3:2, Josh 5:13. He is interceding for the nation.

[13] And the LORD answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words.
[14] So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
[15] And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
·         The Gentiles were His instrument in punishing the Jews, but they reveled in it, delighting in destruction, therefore God will punish them in turn
·         God was giving a comforting word to them

[16] Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.
[17] Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.
·         God’s promise is to return them and do good to them, so trust in Him Zerubabbel.
·         Zechariah will now see a vision of this played out

[18] Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.
[19] And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.
[20] And the LORD showed me four carpenters.
[21] Then said I, What come these to do? And he spoke, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.
·         The horns speak of what was, the carpenter speaks of what is to come.
·         Jesus being a carpenter is symbolic of Him being the one who builds
·         This imagery is borrowed from the book of revelation (horns on the bests)

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